LIKAVKA and Martin? (Ružomberok)

Written by: Stanislav Hatala [email protected] In May 2006

Good den,My father also comes from Likavka. A pamatam,several times by the name of Hrcka.Lenze it if I had other interests and priority.A so from now,After a long time, I would like to undo at least part of the blame and examine their provenance and origin of the genus Hatala.Aj through this experience we appreciate your efforts and cinnost.Chystam, too, to Likavka,so I tried to find out the Register viac.Rad something I would have looked chronicle Likavka,that mention,neviem Social Security Fund,where to find it and whether I will be allowed to take it prezriet.Zelam will, as well as themselves,in order to repay his debt to our ancestors and their descendants submitted at least part of the information and documents. The greeting, Stanislav Hatala

YEAR 2004 Michal Napisal Hrcka:

Today I was on “Field studies” in Likavka. I learned a few things about them so we can tell. Uz davnejsie som vedel co nemam na papieri tomu neverim a dnes sa mi to potvrdilo. I heard the second and third version osidlovnia Village Hrckovcami. Father first told me. Another thing that I have learned: must go into the field with voice recorder, laptop and camera scanners possibly a pad and pen. Smola, ze som mal len ten notebook a pero. But I did obtain officially certified picture of my great-Stark Tomaša bumps born in 1882. The photograph is of dimensions 6,5 x 7,5 cm. The front displays Tomas Hrcka with a mustache, vestou, bangs combed to the top and Sakom. Ing over the caption pravdepodobne brkom: “Tomas Hrčka”. On the back is probably metal redisovim Indian ink purple feather submitted: “Officially testify (underline) that the length Portrait? vyzobrazuje Thomas knots 1882 year born inhabitant of Martinček. Gualský? notary (Official stamp:)” Fotografiu me zapozical Alojz “Alino” Tuber. Tento mi aj rozpovedal jednu z verzii prichodu Hrčkovcov do tejto oblasti.

Excerpt of the three versions by Miroslav bumps – My dad, Alina Hrčku – and his cousin Ivan lumps – suseda Aina v Likavka.: Hrčkovci PARADISE come to the ends slowly 30 year war around 1630. On Likava and then to the village, ktora lezala tesne pod hradom Likava smerom od terajsieho bocneho vchodu, prisli ako slobodni vozari. Two versions of the previous realm and place of arrival. One is that they came from Finland and one from the east. During this period, speaks of three clans Hrckovcov. Divided according prezivok heads of families. Each of fathers named Hrcka but had a different nickname. One is called Olis (Olis with softening “s”), dalsi Zajac dalsi Andorn. Last supposedly called tobacco thus being the first to bring Likavka Tobacco. I personally most bundling with strains Olis and Zajac. With clan Olis pochadzal Vraj otec with my old clan Zajac old mom. Here arises an interesting coincidence. My grandmother is in fact called maiden Hrčková. Avsak odd is povera / legend conciliation. Since 1630 the blood of individual clans so mixed that at present it is a completely diferente genera and namesakes. Dalej som sa dozvedel ze niektori dalsi Hrckovci uz rodokmene spracuvavali. Is this any zo strAny Tabak. I also learned from the museum in Ruzomberok is probably Chronicle Likavka, who wrote some kind of monk, and in it described this fact. Nakolko su tieto dnes zistene informacie spravne nevie. But I hope that I can carry them subsoil facts. When nascanujem picture it will bring you right to this site.

Of the elders of history Likavka
The beginnings of settlement of the village Likavka can be traced back to before the 13th century. It shows the type name of the village, which places the settlement of the oldest municipalities in the group Liptove. The most important witness to the settlement of this part of Liptov in the 13th century the church. Martina biskupa v Martinčeku. Maintained včasnogotické elements date back to the period around 1260. The church was built for a number of settlements, which were in close (Likava, Lisková), later it was established in settlement, which was named after the patronage of the church of Saint Martin, Martinček. Between 1332 – 1337 he was pastor here Simon, that his annual income was estimated to be 1 1/2 hrivny. The first written mention of the settlement Likava is unknown instrument of the reign of Bela IV. (1235 – 1270), of which has been preserved mention of the 1341. King gave Likavský assets allegedly squire Nicholas and his descendants, who owned it until 1335. These probably belonged to the yeoman of Ladislav Likava (de Likua), who participated in 1300 the projectile assets Čerín. Bathrobe Donč the exercise of their intentions – economic and architectural forced the 1335 Likava property owners in exchange for part of the property, earmarked from Liptovsky Trnovec. This year, because before Turčiansky the Convention complained Anda, which Petra, Sad that, son Milatha with other relatives, who were co-owners of property “Usury”, be exchanged without his knowledge. Another branch of the yeomen of Likava 1341 from King Charles acquired assets excluded from Lubella. Likava settlement lay in important provincial trade route, leading from selected via Revúcka valley along Ružomberku (where the crossroads of trade routes) and went through the Orava further to Poland. Above this way gave bathrobe Donč build up in the second half of the 14th century castle 30.rokov, which got the name in the original settlement – Likava. Likava village and its property was later royal property and part of the castle estate Likava. The castle belonged to the mid-15th century Hungarian king. Meet military-watch function above by way of trade and was the seat of royal properties in western Liptove. In September 1431 Hussite troops occupied Likava, which are maintained until 1434. Kastelánom on Likave bol Ján Mesphet with Hluku on the Morava, which is known as early 1425. Year 1435 Likava the property of János Hunyadi. Likava 2nd Season from the 15th century to the mid 16th century had several owners or lien holders. It was awarded to such. Pongrác from Liptovsky Mikulas, Peter Komorovský, John Korvin, John Zápoľský, Louis pekr, Ján Krušica, long time belonged Ilešházi and Tökölyovcom. Between 1672 – 1700 Likava were made larger building modifications and construction of new fortifications with five bastions. In the autumn of 1707 Castle on the orders of Francis II Rákóczi. demolished. About prvej Dedina Likava in 2.halves 14. century and the 15th century is written evidence not preserved. The area of ​​the village came to the castle estate property Likava. Settlement Likava Nor is the inventory of villages and towns, the year 1469 patrili currently panstvu Likava; says the town Ruzomberok with Chernov, Vlkolíncom, White Creek and Villa Ludrova, settlement Medokýš, Lisková, Oak, Stankovany and frozen. After the destruction of the castle Liptov 1474 were the property of the estate and towns affiliated to Likava estate. In the mid-16th century the castle estate Likava towns were Lupca, Ružomberok with four external streets Biely Potok, Villa Ludrová, Cernova and Vlkolínec, mestečko plain tiles, Liptovsky Trnovec, Liptovská Sielnica and villages Stankovany, Gombáš, Švošov, Hrboltová, Likavka, Lisková, Warm, Swati Mara, Jarkovič, Pavlova all, Bobrovček, Sokolče, Ľubela, Bešeňová, Lucky, Potok. New settlement below the castle Likava – according to research F. For street – titled Likavka, derived from the name of the castle, built in the late 15. – the beginning of the 16th century and, along with other villages and towns belonged to the estate of Likava. The earliest reports of it are in the tax registers of this period. Year 1536 a 1557 Likavský peasant households pay taxes to the king from the two port (except for mayor), In 1588 were assessed by five port. According to the landowners of 1551 bolo in Likavka 11 peasant households, which has been noticed in 1580. According to this Urbari had peasant households from Likavka paid after landlord 26 pence to George, and clusters and a Anoce. Therefore paid annually after 78 denarii. In addition, they committed to carry manor grain (eggs, wheat, barley) and salt from the castle to the mill and ground back to the castle. Available to Castle Wood and Likavský brewer had to brew beer Likava. Their tasks included tote hay meadows of the estate into barns and stables on majeri. Meadow had themselves machined. The need for a castle in the weight of fish caught and they were brought to the castle. The castle had repaired bakery oven. In addition to these obligations wife peasants (In 1549 It bolo14 households) had to clean the intestines of cattle slaughtered for men's kitchen. In half 16. century was in Likavka a water mill and a sawmill. Peasants had to farm farmstead Likava estate. Likavka village suffered greatly passing troops, but also the lack of. In 1600 states in Likavka 23 serf occupied home, 17 courts were abandoned. The stream stood a mill. By URBÁRI had the 1625 Likavka 12 peasant settlements, in which there were about 25 rodín a 38 navvy home. Annual tax paid on the feast of St.. George, Michael and after Christmas 2 florény a 86 denarii. Želiari želiarmi have sex with lizard Plate 23 florénov. The duties included such subjects Likavský. dežmu transmitted from sheep and lambs, by their number so, how to give valasi. Miller had to fatten one brava and perform chores around the mill milling. Likavčan were obliged to ride to the mill malt, milled malt imported back to the manor brewery and time, when brewed beer, give assistance to one person. Their tasks included the import and take away the castle of cracked grain mill, skew and rake up and remove Panská meadow hay, women had to lock Cudi grain and slaughtered the cattle clean offal. In addition to the mill of the castle drove to grind salt, they also had to be imported back into the castle. Not far from the river Vah was newly built mill and sawmill, miller was obliged to cut her plate. Each farmer had to bring to the sawmill 6 logs, of which were cut to saw boards. In addition to these duties, each farmer had to pass 6 hens, Each one capon, after two geese and after 20 eggs. Cotter should give such. after three birds (together 81) a po 8 eggs. All peasants had put together 2 calves, 4 pigs, 3 rabbits, 30 Drozdov, 4 jariabky. According to the minutes of the canonical visitation 1713 opposite Likavka a Martinček 497 Population, In 1715 bolo in Likavka 16 taxpayers, In 1787 in nej vein 883 population and there were 89 home. In 1828 in 179 houses lived 1228 Population. Residents Likavka had vydržiavať the passing troops. In 1736 were forced to surrender to troops of Prince Lobkowitz in kind (eggs, butter, bacon, sheep cheese, brandy, pepper, with, haringy a pivo). Soldiers have caused such damage under Likavčan 4 florény a 93 denarii. Great misery hit residents Likavka and Martinčeka in 1768. Storm tides, and they destroyed the entire harvest, suffer from hunger, lived in anxiety, poverty and lack of “not having alternatively from house to house a piece of bread, úfajúce us that the Lord God Nove bread and bless the trade else's content, jako this y ordered to lukach on poly jedné i Druha weights iv Treta, where peas and buckwheat we had strewn, tež iw gardens both for trade and for clothing…”. Shortage was so great, that there was hunger. Therefore, they turned for help to the throne Liptovská, because not only that there is no grain for sowing, but neither prescribed taxes will be able to pay. Social and economic situation in the village was not improve even in the coming years. 23.January 1769 the Likavčan again complain Liptovská stool, that Mr Likava castle prevent them graze cattle in the valley Likavský and CEBR, although there before it could graze freely. Many animals therefore had to sell; asked Liptovian stool for help, order to be with her again farmhouse return to pasture. In 1770 residents Liskova, Likavka and Martinčeka complain Emperor. They point to his poverty, debts to Liptovska stools and various iniquities, which receives them from the ruler. Complaint was dealt Regency Council in Bratislava 3.augusta 1770. Resigned her throne to address Liptovská. In 1785 residents Likavka again complain about Mr Likava, Earl of IIešháziho, which locked them into barns and grain wants to sell it to them, because they fail to meet their tax obligations to the throne Liptovská. With his complaint turned to the Administrator, Liptov county count Ladislav Prónaymu. Year 1827 the mayor of the village Miso Královenskej complains Liptovská stool, that two years highlight, Vah that harms them in saline field Stock, undermine the shore and residents Likavka alone are not enough to keep the path to Paračkou. He asks, to the repair and maintenance of this road has been designated one more village. New conditions, which occurred after 1848, influenced the further development of village life and its people. Although employment was essential to continue farming, sheep-, wood-cutting and rafting, but when they were built in the 19th century in the 2nd Season Ružomberku industries, many residents Likavka, Martinčeka and surrounding villages gathered in their jobs and livelihoods. source:

The list of members of the fire department is also in Likavka: Lump Ivan and Miriam Hrčková, Ivan is also bulky Preventivár Corps. As each Likava castle castle in Slovakia, and this was built calloused hands serfs and abundantly sprinkled with the blood of countless warriors. This lock circled many old legends, which are retained between gregarious people. One of them speaks, It used to be that the once mighty lord, who had a beautiful daughter. He wanted her forcibly married to a wealthy nobleman, Mr nearby castle. The groom was handsome, rich, just one small mistake, it was very wicked. Tempted pious girl of his wealth, or beauty and repulsed by his wickedness. When she learned of his father's intention, late at night crying in the recesses of the castle. Heard her crying brave lad, who was coming home from work the mountain below the Castle. Asked the beautiful daughter of Mr. Castle, why crying. When it all Narrated, offered her, that it frees the hands of negligent father and escort, wherein only wants. That night broke into the castle, girl and took it, seeing what is brave and handsome, offered to him as a wife, although it was just a poor Farmer's son. She put a nice Slovak folk costume, worked in the field, lived in poverty, but was happy. This much says one of the many legends. As history tells, Ruzomberok and took with him the Likava 1397 Moravský markgróf Prokop, the power to expel the 1399 Kral Žigmund. Likava and it also gives Ruzomberok King Sigismund of 1406 uhorskému Palatine Nicholas and John, Gar Gar, who had held it until about 1418. Became already at that time trials, that Likavský estate began encumbrances Ruzomberok, settled in Charters unduly increase, against which Ružomberčania brought King Sigismund action. King Sigismund in the schedule of 27. June 1429 prohibits Likava Castellan from the city to collect more property tax than the sovereign 50 Marks, Charters set of 1340. After a long time of peace and Likava occurred to her estate in 15. turbulent century, hectic time. In September 1431 Hussites invaded Liptov, management Prokop the Great, under the cover of night darkness seize Leste Likava, which burned and rozbúrali. After their departure the 1434 Likava got into the possession of John Hunyady, who gave it to rebuild. After it came to power abuser Peter Komorovský, Captain Jiskrovho, who reigned for Likava very harshly. After that it was in power between 1474 until 1478 King Matthias I., by year 1478 gave it to his son Jan Korvin “prince liptovský”, but the 1494 seized him angry Zápoľovci. After the tragic death of King Ludwig II., who was killed at the battle of Mohacs in August 1523, riots occurred in Uhorské. Between 1569-1580 was Mr. Likava, favor of King Ferdinand, Croatian magnate John Krušica. Since 1580 up to half 17. century, the ruler Likava Illésházovci. In half 17. Century got the power to Likava Tököly. During his reign several times was Likavský dominion stage acts of war. Yes, the 1670 Imperial General Heister arrived and began to besiege the castle Likava. Castle defended Nemessányi the same Bock. When the lock in the same night saw, Chances Heistorových that there is no one, crew left the castle, broke up and fled to the mountains. Legend has it, that young Tököly during this siege fled disguised in women's clothes. Vigorously begun in the area as well Likavský 18. century. Still have not healed many wounds, which found him in tökölyiovských storms and turbulent times for the following, a už. year 1703 occurred from eastern Slovakia reports on a new uprising, headed by Ferenc Rákóczi. Even at the end of the year ,1703 insurgents and seized Ruzomberok 18. December kapitulovala against various i Likava. Rákóczi Member Likava r. 1707 demolish. Then died the nest atrocities forever. Since then the proud lord's nest sticking it only rums, which remind us of the former glory landlords. The irony of fate dictates previously revenge for centuries-suffering, popáchané the people of Slovak. The castle wall Likava, leads to the north side of Old Castle Road. The first goal will come to a narrow elongated Justice, second gate alongside the massive square tower to another Court, or. the lower castle and from there to a Gothic, quite enough yet well-preserved upper castle, consisting of four buildings and a small Justice. Likava castle describe it would be difficult, This lock should be seen. Just once you come out to the highest position, and a beautiful view from there will leave indelible impressions in man. It's a real fairy tale, which is worth a read on the spot.

source: neznamy ….I can do now briefly. Zdeno Hrcka worked in cs. Foreign Service to Start 90. years, I think at the time he died. Otherwise, more information about it I have no.

Michal Hrčka

~ Michal is a founder of company (Restoration inc.) that is mostly concerned with restoration and conservation of historical facades, interiors and castles using traditional materials and techniques. ~ In the year 2000 he established an internet magazine about cultural heritage, which is the biggest internet medium at this field now. ~

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2 Responses

  1. Zdeno Novotný says:

    I did some searching for my ancestors and I got to the similarity of name to this page. Priezisko Hrča may come shortening name Hrčka? Mother's father was Julius Hrča and his father Joseph Hrča. Both should be natives of Banska Bystrica.
    You know give me a hint, which direction the world Pobre for native? :)

  2. Michal Hrčka - harp says:

    Also I have already dealt with shortening and variations name Hrcka. They are renting: Hrča, Hrček and lumps (CZ), but also in the old signs in the U.S. and Hrczka, Hercka atd. Hit Dialky. Branches are nepretli. Nor am I in the past nenasiel authoritative fact / data which combines these variants with surname Hrčka. So I helped.

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